Trees, volcanoes and climate

..large eruptions in the tropics and high latitudes were primary drivers of interannual-to-decadal temperature variability in the Northern Hemisphere during the past 2,500 years. Overall, cooling was proportional to the magnitude of volcanic forcing and…

Braess Paradox in AC Power Networks

Adding an extra road in a road network can increase traffic congestion. This counter-intuitive outcome is called a¬†Braess Paradox. ¬†Braess Paradoxes, where increased connectivity degrades the performance of a network, has been shown to occur…